Wiring Diagrams
Generator Wiring
   Generator Wiring Diagram | Backup Generators

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Generator Wiring Diagram

The generator wiring diagram is an essential part of any home built hydroelectric project. While other yahoos are building generators from lawn mowers, some industrial individuals want to build a generator that provides clean power from the stream that runs in their back yard.

Solar power is great on days when the sun is shining and there are no clouds in the sky. But on those overcast days, relying on solar power can leave the house cold and lifeless, as there simply are not enough photons to generator enough electron current flow. But wires, connectors, and other house wiring that make up part of an existing system can be incorporated as the front end of the hydroelectric generator system. Color coded wires are easy to spot, and using a multimeter to check and make sure they are correctly connected reduces the potential shock hazard in the future.

An interesting thing to know before building your own hydroelectric damns and generator is that years ago the term generator, referred to in automotive jargon, was different from an alternator. The generators of early automobiles produced direct current (DC), but later the designs were changed to that of an alternator that produced alternating current (AC). Today, when we talk about a generator for a hydroelectric dam, we need to specify whether we want to produce AC or DC power. DC power can furnish electrical current that will power certain types of lights, small appliances and tools. However, DC requires heavier wire to go longer distances than AC, and will otherwise result in power losses. That is the beauty of AC; power losses over long distances can be very small and cheaper, thinner diameter wires can be utilized.

Wires are measured by several factors, but overall receive an American Wire Gauge rating, abbreviated AWG. A lower number in general means the wire is thicker and can carry more current. Wire is either solid or multi-stranded. House wiring typically uses 12 AWG wire, and 14 AWG for some lower current wiring applications. A neutral ground wire consisting of an uninsulated copper wire is usually included. Metal boxes and the neutral prong of household outlets are connected to the uninsulated ground wire. Hot wires that are ungrounded are in the black insulation, and white insulation carries the hot neutral that is usually also grounded, just like the ground wire, but which carries current, unlike the ground wire.
   Go online to find a bicycle route planner. For each country you visit, you will need an international plug adaptor.